Addiction

Whether you are struggling with substance abuse, gambling, shopping or Facebook, neurofeedback can help interrupt the dopamine reward cycle that feeds the need to change your state.

Research on neurofeedback for addictions goes back many decades

Effects of an EEG Biofeedback Protocol on a Mixed Substance Abusing Population [pdf] by Scott WC, Kaiser DA, Othmer S, Sideroff SI (2005)

ABSTRACT
Alcohol and drug abuse is an ongoing societal and treatment problem. While major resources have been employed to study and treat addiction, there has been little significant improvement in the success rate of treatment. Relapse rates remain high, typically over 70%. Gossop et al. reported 60% of heroine addicts relapsed one year following addiction treatment. Peniston and associates have demonstrated significantly higher abstinence rates with alcoholics when they incorporated EEG biofeedback into the treatment protocol. Eighty percent of subjects in these experiments were abstinent one-year posttreatment.

Alpha-Theta Brainwave Neurofeedback Training: An Effective Treatment for Male and Female Alcoholics with Depressive Symptoms [abs.] by Saxby E and Peniston EG (1995)

ABSTRACT
This is the report of an experimental study of 14 alcoholic outpatients using the Peniston and Kulkosky (1989, 1991) brainwave treatment protocol for alcohol abuse. After temperature biofeedback pre-training, experimental subjects completed twenty 40-minute sessions of alpha-theta brainwave neurofeedback training. Experimentally treated alcoholics with depressive syndrome showed sharp reductions in self-assessed depression (Beck’s Depression Inventory). On the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-I, the experimental subjects showed significant decreases on the BR scores: schizoid, avoidant, dependent, histrionic, passive-aggression, schizotypal, borderline, anxiety, somatoform, hypomanic, dysthymic, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, psychotic thinking, and psychotic depression. Twenty-one-month follow-up data indicated sustained prevention of relapse in alcoholics who completed BWNT. Only one of the fourteen experienced relapse.

Applicability of Brain Wave Biofeedback to Substance Use Disorder in Adolescents by Trudeau DL (2008)

ABSTRACT
Neurofeedback treatment for addictions in adults is probably efficacious, and several reported approaches are described with their indications. Neurofeedback is promising as a treatment modality for adolescents, especially those with stimulant abuse and attention conduct problems. It is attractive as a medication-free, neurophysiologic, and self-actualizing treatment for substance-based, brain-impaired and self-defeating disorder.

Watson, C. G., Herder, J., & Passini, F. T. (1978). Alpha biofeedback therapy in alcoholics: An 18-month follow-up. Journal of Clinical Psychology

The differences between the experimentals and controls in State and Trait Anxiety after 18 months were essentially identical to the differences between them immediately after treatment, which indicates that alpha training had long-range therapeutic effects.

Burkett, V. S., Cummins, J. M., Dickson, R. M., & Skolnick, M. (2005). An open clinical trial utilizing real-time EEG operant conditioning as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of crack cocaine dependence. Journal of Neurotherapy  (2005)

Follow-up procedures of urinalyses, self-report measures, length of residence, and scores on a measure of depression were obtained and showed significant changes after treatment. The addition of EEG-OC to crack cocaine treatment regimens may promise to be an effective intervention for treating crack cocaine abuse and increasing treatment retention.

For more information please visit…

ISNR

The International Society for Neuronal Regulation and Research        a well maintained bibliography of neurofeedback research

EEGInfo

A well organized page on the major studies on neurofeedback and its applications.